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Juveniles on Formal Probation, 2012

NCJ Number
Date Published
October 2018
11 pages

This bulletin summarizes findings from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention's (OJJDP's) Census of Juveniles on Probation, based on a 1-day count of youth under formal probation supervision in the United States.


The Census estimated that 247,050 youth were under formal probation supervision on October 24, 2012. Approximately 77 percent of probationers in 2012 were male, and about 67 percent were age 16 or older. Non-Hispanic white youth accounted for the majority (44 percent) of juveniles on probation, followed by non-Hispanic Black youth (32 percent) and Hispanic youth (20 percent). Combined, American Indian/Alaskan Native, Asian/Native Hawaiian/Pacific islander, and multi-racial youth accounted for about 4 percent of youth on probation. Just over one-third (37 percent) of youth were on probation for a property offense; theft (12 percent) and burglary (11 percent) were the most common property offenses. Data limitations are discussed. 16 tables and 1 figure

Date Published: October 1, 2018