All OJJDP publications may be viewed and downloaded on the publications section of the OJJDP website.
This fact sheet presents national estimates of delinquency cases handled by juvenile courts in 2019 and analyzes caseload trends since 2005. In 2019, U.S. juvenile courts handled 722,600 delinquency cases involving youth charged with criminal law violations, 2 percent fewer than in 2018.
From 2005 through 2019, the number of delinquency cases declined 56 percent, with decreases in all four offense categories: property offense cases (down 65 percent), public order offense cases (down 59 percent), drug law violation cases (down 47 percent), and person offense cases (down 45 percent). In 2019, person offense cases accounted for the largest proportion (33 percent) of the delinquency caseload, followed by property offense cases (30 percent), public order offense cases (24 percent), and drug offense cases (13 percent).
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Updated Fact Sheets
OJJDP has updated five fact sheets in its In Focus Series.
- Child Protection: Law Enforcement (NCJ 254696) presents three OJJDP programs that support federal, state, local, and Tribal law enforcement efforts to protect youth and respond quickly and effectively when a child is mistreated, abducted, or exploited: the Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force program, the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children, and the AMBER Alert Program. View and download this publication.
- Children’s Advocacy Centers (NCJ 254817) describes OJJDP’s support for children’s advocacy centers nationwide, including programs, training and technical assistance, and funding. In 2021, the 939 centers served more than 386,000 children and trained nearly 2.9 million people in preventing child abuse. View and download this publication.
- Drug Courts (NCJ 253048) highlights three programs funded by OJJDP to help communities establish or expand juvenile drug treatment courts, family treatment courts, and Tribal juvenile healing to wellness courts. Multidisciplinary teams help participants overcome the effects of substance use and co-occurring mental health disorders; OJJDP’s training and technical assistance providers enhance those efforts. View and download this publication.
- Mentoring Youth (NCJ 253045) gives an overview of OJJDP’s national and multistate mentoring programs, Mentoring for Youth Affected by the Opioid Crisis and Drug Addiction grants, and the services of the National Mentoring Resource Center. From 2017 through the first half of 2021, OJJDP programs recruited nearly 143,000 new mentors and served more than 971,000 youth nationwide. View and download this publication.
- Tribal Youth Initiatives (NCJ 254695) summarizes programs, training, and technical assistance funded by OJJDP for American Indian and Alaska Native communities to address youth victimization, respond to delinquent behaviors by youth, and improve youth justice systems. Between fiscal years 2019 and 2021, OJJDP awarded $28.1 million under the Justice Department's Coordinated Tribal Assistance Solicitation programs and associated training and technical assistance. View and download this publication.