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Statistical Briefing Book

Statistical Briefing Book Updates Data Snapshot on Teen Dating Violence

OJJDP has updated its Statistical Briefing Book  with  a new  Data Snapshot on teen dating violence. The snapshot draws on data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System to document the trends and characteristics of exposure to dating violence reported by high school students. The data show the prevalence of physical and sexual dating violence reported by students declined overall between...

Youth population at risk

For delinquency and status offense matters, this is the number of children from age 10 through the upper age of juvenile court jurisdiction. In all states, the upper age of jurisdiction is defined by statute. In most states, individuals are considered adults when they reach their 18th birthday. Therefore, for these states, the delinquency and status offense youth population at risk would be the number of children 10 through 17 years of age living within the geographical area served by the court.

Upper age of juvenile court jurisdiction

The oldest age at which a juvenile court has original jurisdiction over an individual for law-violating behavior. It must be noted that within most states there are exceptions to the age criteria that place or permit youth at or below the state's upper age of jurisdiction to be under the original jurisdiction of the adult criminal court. For example, in most states if a youth of a certain age is charged with one of a defined list of what are commonly labeled "excluded offenses," the case must originate in the adult criminal court. In addition, in a number of states, the district attorney is given the discretion of filing certain cases either in the juvenile court or in the criminal court. Therefore, while the upper age of jurisdiction is commonly recognized in all states, there are numerous exceptions to age criteria.

Status offense

A nondelinquent/noncriminal offense; an offense that is illegal for underage persons, but not for adults.

  • Curfew violation - Violation of an ordinance forbidding persons below a certain age from being in public places during set hours.
  • Incorrigible, ungovernable - Being beyond the control of parents, guardians, or custodians.
  • Running away - Leaving the custody and home of parents or guardians without permission and failing to return within a reasonable length of time.
  • Truancy - Violation of a compulsory school attendance law.
  • Underage drinking - Possession, use, or consumption of alcohol by a minor.

Simple assault

Unlawful threatening, attempted inflicting, or inflicting of less than serious bodily injury, in the absence of a deadly weapon. The term is used in the same sense as in UCR reporting. Simple assault is often not distinctly named in statutes since it consists of all assaults not explicitly named and defined as serious.

Placement status

Identifies categories of juveniles held in residential placement facilities.

  • Committed - Includes juveniles in placement in the facility as part of a court‑ordered disposition. Committed juveniles include those whose cases have been adjudicated and disposed in juvenile court and those who have been convicted and sentenced in criminal court.
  • Detained - Includes juveniles held prior to adjudication while awaiting an adjudication hearing in juvenile court, as well as juveniles held after adjudication while awaiting disposition or awaiting placement elsewhere. Also includes juveniles awaiting transfer to adult criminal court, or awaiting a hearing or trial in adult criminal court.
  • Diversion - Includes juveniles sent to the facility in lieu of adjudication as part of a diversion agreement.