U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

Disproportionate minority contact

OJJDP Is Taking Action To Achieve an Equitable Juvenile Justice System

By Chyrl Jones, Acting OJJDP Administrator

When President Biden proclaimed October 2021 as National Youth Justice Action Month, he noted that far too many young people have been "sidelined by unnecessary encounters with the justice system." Citing the adverse effects of system involvement, the President called for a national shift from incarceration to prevention.

National Youth Justice Action Month supports intervention and prevention strategies...

Racial/Ethnic Disparities (R/ED)

Disproportionate Minority Contact


The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) is a leader in efforts to reduce the overrepresentation of minority youth in the Nation's juvenile justice system. Funding through OJJDP's Formula Grants program (Title II) helps states address juvenile delinquency and supports improvements to the juvenile justice system. The funds also help states address the core requirements of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention...

OJJDP Core Requirements Training for the States – Part One

January 2019

This video asks training participants about the issues they are experiencing in their states surrounding core protections. In November 2018, the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) hosted a training for state representatives in Baltimore, MD. The 4-day training provided participants with an overview of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (JJDP) Act, updates on the Title II Formula Grants Program, and a review of state representatives' roles and responsibilities.


Authorizing Legislation

Congress enacted the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (JJDP) Act (Pub. L. No. 93-415, 42 U.S.C. § 5601 et seq.) in 1974. This landmark legislation established OJJDP to support local and state efforts to prevent delinquency and improve juvenile justice systems.

In November 2002, Congress reauthorized the JJDP Act. The reauthorization (the 21st Century Department of Justice Appropriations Authorization Act, Pub. L. No...